United Nations projections … Over the last 50 years, population of New Zealand grew substantially from 2.85 million to 4.96 million persons rising at an increasing annual rate that reached a maximum of 4.96% in 1991 and then decreased to 0.77% in 2020. The line graph shows New Zealand’s population increasing from 800,000 people in 1900 to five million people in 2020. Source: Statistics New Zealand / Te Tari Tatau (web). of the Males and Females under and over 15 Years in the Principal Maori Tribes, according to the Results of the Census of March, 1901. Home Author of. The scheduled census for 2011 was postponed to 2013 due to the devastating effect of the earthquake that hit Christchurch on February 22, 2011. The general election that year brought New Zealand's first political party, the Liberals, to power. The resident population of New Zealand reached 1 million in 1908. Current projections believe that the annual growth rate will peak in 2020 at 0.94% … New Zealand administers the South Pacific island group of Tokelau and claims a section of the Antarctic continent. People voted with their feet by leaving for places like Australia. Thereafter it was successively a crown colony, a self-governing colony (1856), and a dominion (1907). The current population of Australia in 2021 is 25,788,215, a 1.13% increase from 2020.; The population of Australia in 2020 was 25,499,884, a 1.18% increase from 2019.; The population of Australia in 2019 was 25,203,198, a 1.23% increase from 2018. New Zealand now gained a reputation as ‘the social laboratory of the world’. In the early 21st century, Asians were the fastest-growing demographic group. Population Pyramids: New Zealand - 1990. A young, mobile and male-dominated population was typical of many frontier societies. The Māori population was under 40,000. The right to vote was defined according to sex, age, nationality and the possession of property in New Zealand. Table Showing the Population (exclusive of Maoris) of the Different Counties and Boroughs in the Colony of New Zealand as on the 3rd April 1881. The Polynesians who migrated to the island brought over their traditional beliefs and practices. These concerns also reflected the development of a more settled urban society. Explanation: Population estimates for 2018 and later are based on the results of the 2018 census. This keenly fought and at times bitter debate culminated with New Zealand women becoming the first in the world to gain the right to vote in national elections in 1893. The economists and New Zealand population: problems and policies 1900–1980s. Woman and children were exploited and evidence emerged of sweated labour and poor working conditions in a number of industries. New Zealand is about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) long (north-south) and about 280 miles (450 km) across at its widest point. Looking back, in the year of 1960, New Zealand had a population of 2.4 million people. It is the sole home, for example, of the long-beaked, flightless kiwi, the ubiquitous nickname for New Zealanders. The confidence of the Vogel era was undermined by the economic depression that began in 1879. MALE FEMALE TOTAL Mongonui County 868 599 1467 Bay of Islands County 1255 925 2180 Hokianga County 367 221 588 Hobson County 1754 1097 2851 Whangarei County 2254 1699 3953 Rodney County 2217 1716 3933 The census scheduled for 2011 was cancelled due to the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake, and legislation was introduced to hold the next census in 2013. There had been arrests and ongoing peaceful resistance before the government decided to act decisively in November 1881. However, the pre-1966 returns have been destroyed with the exception of a few for the Maori population (1891-Family History Library film 449437, item 2 ; 1911-Family History Library film 449444, item 8 ). It is the nature and consequences of these changes that are the basis of this broad survey of New Zealand in the 19th century. By the 1920s it controlled almost all of its internal and external policies, although it did not become fully independent until 1947, when it adopted the Statute of Westminster. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) World Economics makes available of world’s most comprehensive GDP database covering over 130 countries with historical GDP PPP data from 1870-2019, building on the lifetimes work of Angus Maddison. Chart and table of Australia population from 1950 to 2021. Europe's ‘explosion outwards’ during the 18th and 19th centuries reached New Zealan… The Colonial Treasurer, Julius Vogel, believed that New Zealand could only grow if it was able to attract people and capital. It also began to develop a much more extensive and varied industrial sector. The country has slightly less surface area than the U.S. state of Colorado and a little more than the United Kingdom. Te Whiti and Tohu were imprisoned and sent into exile in the South Island. miles). Omissions? All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. An armed force ran amok in the undefended settlement. The term New Zealander now had a wider application. Those beliefs formed the foundation of the traditional religion practiced in New Zealand. Canterbury lived literally on the ‘sheep's back' to became the country's wealthiest province. Which Country Is Larger By Population? New Zealand is a land of great contrasts and diversity. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Greymouth (Māori: Māwhera) is the largest town in the West Coast region in the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. The 2020 figures are provisional. But there were signs that they were also beginning to identify with this place. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Few struck it rich on the goldfields, but the collective value of the gold that was discovered kick-started the economy. They were the first European visitors to New Zealand since Abel Tasman's brief encounter in 1642. New Zealand was one of the last sizable land areas suitable for habitation to be populated by human beings. - … (2018). New York: United Nations, 1985, vol. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The entry of Britain into the European Community in the early 1970s, however, forced New Zealand to expand its trade relations with other countries. New Zealand was the largest country in Polynesia when it was annexed by Great Britain in 1840. Hopes for a brighter future were raised with the first successful shipment of frozen meat to England in 1882. The total population in New Zealand was estimated at 5.0 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures. One solution to the boom-bust nature of New Zealand's economy was to develop the national infrastructure. Comments will be reviewed prior to posting. This was more than a matter of self-sufficiency. Tourism has played an increasingly important role in the economy, though this sector has been vulnerable to global financial instability. By the early 2000s, New Zealand’s GDP per capita was in the bottom half of the developed world. Weste… Two million was … Not all comments posted. This quiz will show you two countries. Otherwise horses dominated everything else. Complementing this increasingly singular political vision was the conviction that New Zealand's future prosperity lay in the conversion of bush to farmland. The 2013 census took place on Tuesday, 5 March 2013. New Zealand - New Zealand - People: Contemporary New Zealand has a majority of people of European origin, a significant minority of Maori, and smaller numbers of people from Pacific islands and Asia. In 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, an agreement between the British Crown and Maori. Panoramic view of Christchurch and Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand. Sunset on the Waikato River, Hamilton, New Zealand. It has also participated in several wars, including World Wars I and II. There was no state welfare and questions were asked about what support could be offered to New Zealand's poor. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, The David Lange government and Labour’s changing leadership (1984–90), The James Bolger and Jennifer Shipley governments (1990–99), John Key’s first term as prime minister (2008–11), John Key’s second term as prime minister (2011–16), https://www.britannica.com/place/New-Zealand, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - New Zealand, New Zealand - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), New Zealand - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Explore the diverse landscapes of New Zealand. Despite New Zealand’s isolation, the country has been fully engaged in international affairs since the early 20th century, being an active member of a number of intergovernmental institutions, including the United Nations. Multinational food companies are moving their processing plants to Australia so that New Zealand-grown food often finds its way back via that country. NCEA history Wind to power ships or mills. The population was given as 815,862, consisting of 43,112 Māori, 31 Moriori, and 772,719 others. Thousands of young men rushed to New Zealand hoping to make their fortune as they followed the gold from Otago to the West Coast and later to Thames in the North Island. The settlement's leaders Te Whiti-o-Rongomai and Tohu Kākahi encouraged their followers to uproot survey pegs and plough up roads and fences erected on land they considered to be theirs. The discovery of gold in Central Otago in 1861 helped Dunedin become New Zealand's largest town. By the end of the century Māori held less than 15% of the land that had been in their possession in 1840. By 1890 an export-led economic recovery was taking hold. In 1642, The New Zealand government department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. Immigration from other areas—Asia, Africa, and eastern Europe—has also made a mark, and New Zealand culture today reflects these many influences. Owning land was an obvious sign of success. Dominated by the values and the ambitions of the new settlers, New Zealand now resembled a nation in the modern sense of the word. The transformation of New Zealand from a Māori to a non-Māori world was complete. The fare across the Tasman was only £2. Currently, 86.8 % of the population of New Zealand is urban (4,150,968 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in New Zealand is 18 people per Km 2 (47 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 263,310 Km2 (101,665 sq. Living standards in New Zealand were among the highest in the world between the late nineteenth century and the 1960s. The population of New Zealand was enumerated from 1858 to the present. Canterbury lived literally on the ‘sheep's back' to became the country's wealthiest province. Time-lapse video of New Zealand's varied landscapes. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. The social and cultural gap between New Zealand’s two main groups—the indigenous Maori of Polynesian heritage and the colonizers and later immigrants from the British Isles and their descendants—has decreased since the 1970s, though educational and economic differences between the two groups remain. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? 2, pp. “In some ways,” Hillary suggested, “I believe I epitomise the average New Zealander: I have modest abilities, I combine these with a good deal of determination, and I rather like to succeed.”. While the impact and pace of this depression was uneven across the country some argued that it had been made worse by the borrowing of the 1870s. Showing the Numbers and Proportions per Cent. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team. As a result questions were asked about the place of the family and women in New Zealand society. The 1898 Old-Age Pensions Act offered a small means-tested pension to destitute older people 'deemed to be of good character'. The Liberals promoted themselves as the champion of the ‘ordinary New Zealander'. Despite a brief revival in wheat, most farm products suffered from low prices. The sizing of the county polygons remains consistent across throughout the visualization, for example allowing the magnitude of San Francisco's population in 1900 to be compared to the Sacramento's 1980 population. The Liberals' vision for ‘God's own country' also saw more Māori land obtained for settlement. Updates? This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. historical and predicted populations (both sexes) for the period 1950-2100 (millions) De facto population in New Zealand as of 1 July of the year indicated. Unemployment grew in urban areas. Tell me more... 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Māori were the first to arrive in New Zealand, journeying in canoes from Hawaiki about 1,000 years ago. Identify the one with the larger population. Various schemes were developed to attract women migrants and families to New Zealand in a bid to help society mature. As New Zealand entered the final third of the 19th century the South Island dominated the economy, largely due to the impact of wool and gold. This quiz is based on Britannica’s list of the world’s populations, so review that before you start. This is a semi-contiguous cartogram. About two-thirds of the land is economically useful, the remainder being mountainous. 1, tables 8 & 17; Ian Pool, Te iwi Maori: a New Zealand population, past, present & projected. Thereafter it was successively a crown colony, a self-governing colony (1856), and a dominion (1907). Editor China’s population in 1900, during the Qing Empire, was only about a third of the People’s Republic of China’s population of 1.4 billion today. 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